National Center for
1IRJ: Crystal Structure Of The Mrp14 Complexed With Chaps
The crystal structure of human MRP14 (S100A9), a Ca(2+)-dependent regulator protein in inflammatory process
J. Mol. Biol. (2002) 316 p.265-276
Human MRP14 (hMRP14) is a Ca(2+)-binding protein from the S100 family of proteins. This protein is co-expressed with human MRP8 (hMRP8), a homologue protein in myeloid cells, and plays an indispensable role in Ca(2+)-dependent functions during inflammation. This role includes the activation of Mac-1, the beta(2) integrin which is involved in neutrophil adhesion to endothelial cells. The crystal structure of the holo form of hMRP14 was analyzed at 2.1 A resolution. hMRP14 is distinguished from other S100 member proteins by its long C-terminal region, and its structure shows that the region is extensively flexible. In this crystal structure of hMRP14, Chaps molecules bind to the hinge region that connects two EF-hand motifs, which suggests that this region is a target-binding site of this protein. Based on a structural comparison of hMRP14 with hMRP8 and human S100A12 (hS100A12) that is another homologue protein, the character of MRP8/14 hetero-complex and the functional significance of the flexibility of the C-terminal region of hMRP14 are discussed.