1IHK: Crystal Structure Of Fibroblast Growth Factor 9 (Fgf9)

Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) constitute a large family of heparin-binding growth factors with diverse biological activities. FGF9 was originally described as glia-activating factor and is expressed in the nervous system as a potent mitogen for glia cells. Unlike most FGFs, FGF9 forms dimers in solution with a K(d) of 680 nm. To elucidate the molecular mechanism of FGF9 dimerization, the crystal structure of FGF9 was determined at 2.2 A resolution. FGF9 adopts a beta-trefoil fold similar to other FGFs. However, unlike other FGFs, the N- and C-terminal regions outside the beta-trefoil core in FGF9 are ordered and involved in the formation of a 2-fold crystallographic dimer. A significant surface area (>2000 A(2)) is buried in the dimer interface that occludes a major receptor binding site of FGF9. Thus, we propose an autoinhibitory mechanism for FGF9 that is dependent on sequences outside of the beta-trefoil core. Moreover, a model is presented providing a molecular basis for the preferential affinity of FGF9 toward FGFR3.
PDB ID: 1IHKDownload
MMDB ID: 16185
PDB Deposition Date: 2001/4/19
Updated in MMDB: 2007/10
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 2.2  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 1IHK: dimeric; determined by author
Molecular Components in 1IHK
Label Count Molecule
Proteins (2 molecules)
Glia-activating Factor(Gene symbol: FGF9)
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (4 molecules)
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

Citing MMDB