We studied three model antibacterial peptides that resembled the N-terminal 18 amino acids of SMAP-29, an alpha-helical, antimicrobial peptide of sheep. Although the parent compound, ovispirin-1 (KNLRR IIRKI IHIIK KYG), was potently antimicrobial, it was also highly cytotoxic to human epithelial cells and hemolytic for human erythrocytes. Single residue substitutions to ovispirin-1 yielded two substantially less cytotoxic peptides (novispirins), with intact antimicrobial properties. One of these, novispirin G-10, differed from ovispirin-1 only by containing glycine at position 10, instead of isoleucine. The other, novispirin T-7, contained threonine instead of isoleucine at position 7. We determined the three-dimensional solution structures of all three peptides by circular dichroism spectroscopy and two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Although all retained an amphipathic helical structure in 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol, they manifested subtle fine-structural changes that evidently impacted their activities greatly. These findings show that simple structural modifications can 'fine-tune' an antimicrobial peptide to minimize unwanted cytotoxicity while retaining its desired activity.
PDB ID: 1HU6Download
MMDB ID: 19199
PDB Deposition Date: 2001/1/4
Updated in MMDB: 2007/11
Experimental Method:
solution nmr
Similar Structures:
Molecular Components in 1HU6
Label Count Molecule
Protein (1 molecule)
G10 Novispirin
Molecule annotation
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