1HG8: Endopolygalacturonase From The Phytopathogenic Fungus Fusarium Moniliforme

Citation:
Abstract
To invade a plant tissue, phytopathogenic fungi produce several cell wall-degrading enzymes; among them, endopolygalacturonase (PG) catalyzes the fragmentation and solubilization of homogalacturonan. Polygalacturonase-inhibiting proteins (PGIPs), found in the cell wall of many plants, counteract fungal PGs by forming specific complexes with them. We report the crystal structure at 1.73 A resolution of PG from the phytopathogenic fungus Fusarium moniliforme (FmPG). The structure of FmPG was useful to study the mode of interaction of the enzyme with PGIP-2 from Phaseolus vulgaris. Several amino acids of FmPG were mutated, and their contribution to the formation of the complex with PGIP-2 was investigated by surface plasmon resonance. The residues Lys-269 and Arg-267, located inside the active site cleft, and His-188, at the edge of the active site cleft, are critical for the formation of the complex, which is consistent with the observed competitive inhibition of the enzyme played by PGIP-2. The replacement of His-188 with a proline or the insertion of a tryptophan after position 270, variations that both occur in plant PGs, interferes with the formation of the complex. We suggest that these variations are important structural requirements of plant PGs to prevent PGIP binding.
PDB ID: 1HG8Download
MMDB ID: 18217
PDB Deposition Date: 2000/12/13
Updated in MMDB: 2001/12
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 1.73  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 1HG8: monomeric; determined by author and by software (PQS)
Molecular Components in 1HG8
Label Count Molecule
Protein (1 molecule)
1
Endopolygalacturonase
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (3 molecules)
1
3
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

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