1GHI: Structure Of Beta-lactamase Glu166asp:asn170gln Mutant

Citation:
Abstract
The serine-beta-lactamases hydrolyze beta-lactam antibiotics in a reaction that proceeds via an acyl-enzyme intermediate. The double mutation, E166D:N170Q, of the class A enzyme from Staphylococcus aureus results in a protein incapable of deacylation. The crystal structure of this beta-lactamase, determined at 2.3 A resolution, shows that except for the mutation sites, the structure is very similar to that of the native protein. The crystal structures of two acyl-enzyme adducts, one with benzylpenicillin and the other with cephaloridine, have been determined at 1.76 and 1.86 A resolution, respectively. Both acyl-enzymes show similar key features, with the carbonyl carbon atom of the cleaved beta-lactam bond covalently bound to the side chain of the active site Ser70, and the carbonyl oxygen atom in an oxyanion hole. The thiadolizine ring of the cleaved penicillin is located in a slightly different position than the dihydrothiazine ring of cephaloridine. Consequently, the carboxylate moieties attached to the rings form different sets of interactions. The carboxylate group of benzylpenicillin interacts with the side chain of Gln237. The carboxylate group of cephaloridine is located between Arg244 and Lys234 side chains and also interacts with Ser235 hydroxyl group. The interactions of the cephaloridine resemble those seen in the structure of the acyl-enzyme of beta-lactamase from Escherichia coli with benzylpenicillin. The side chains attached to the cleaved beta-lactam rings of benzylpenicillin and cephaloridine are located in a similar position, which is different than the position observed in the E. coli benzylpenicillin acyl-enzyme complex. The three modes of binding do not show a trend that explains the preference for benzylpenicillin over cephaloridine in the class A beta-lactamases. Rather, the conformational variation arises because cleavage of the beta-lactam bond provides additional flexibility not available when the fused rings are intact. The structural information suggests that specificity is determined prior to the cleavage of the beta-lactam ring, when the rigid fused rings of benzylpenicillin and cephaloridine each form different interactions with the active site.
PDB ID: 1GHIDownload
MMDB ID: 15773
PDB Deposition Date: 2000/12/18
Updated in MMDB: 2017/10
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 2.3  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 1GHI: monomeric; determined by author
Molecular Components in 1GHI
Label Count Molecule
Protein (1 molecule)
1
Beta-lactamase(Gene symbol: blaZ)
Molecule annotation
Chemical (1 molecule)
1
1
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

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