BACKGROUND: ERp29 is a ubiquitously expressed rat endoplasmic reticulum (ER) protein conserved in mammalian species. Fold predictions suggest the presence of a thioredoxin-like domain homologous to the a domain of human protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) and a helical domain similar to the C-terminal domain of P5-like PDIs. As ERp29 lacks the double-cysteine motif essential for PDI redox activity, it is suggested to play a role in protein maturation and/or secretion related to the chaperone function of PDI. ERp29 self-associates into 51 kDa dimers and also higher oligomers. RESULTS: 3D structures of the N- and C-terminal domains determined by NMR spectroscopy confirmed the thioredoxin fold for the N-terminal domain and yielded a novel all-helical fold for the C-terminal domain. Studies of the full-length protein revealed a short, flexible linker between the two domains, homodimerization by the N-terminal domain, and the presence of interaction sites for the formation of higher molecular weight oligomers. A gadolinium-based relaxation agent is shown to present a sensitive tool for the identification of macromolecular interfaces by NMR. CONCLUSIONS: ERp29 is the first eukaryotic PDI-related protein for which the structures of all domains have been determined. Furthermore, an experimental model of the full-length protein and its association states was established. It is the first example of a protein where the thioredoxin fold was found to act as a specific homodimerization module, without covalent linkages or supporting interactions by further domains. A homodimerization module similar as in ERp29 may also be present in homodimeric human PDI.
PDB ID: 1G7DDownload
MMDB ID: 14487
PDB Deposition Date: 2000/11/10
Updated in MMDB: 2000/12
Experimental Method:
solution nmr
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Molecular Components in 1G7D
Label Count Molecule
Protein (1 molecule)
Endoplasmic Reticulum Protein Erp29(Gene symbol: Erp29)
Molecule annotation
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Citing MMDB