National Center for
1FMM: SOLUTION STRUCTURE OF NFGF-1
J. Biol. Chem. (2002) 277 p.46424-46432
The three-dimensional solution structure of an acidic fibroblast growth factor (nFGF-1) from the newt (Notophthalmus viridescens) is determined using multidimensional NMR techniques. Complete assignment of all the atoms ((1)H, (15)N, and (13)C) has been achieved using a variety of triple resonance experiments. 50 structures were calculated using hybrid distance geometry-dynamical simulated annealing technique with a total of 1359 constraints. The atomic root mean square distribution for the backbone atoms in the structured region is 0.60 A. The secondary structural elements include 12 beta-strands arranged antiparallely into a beta-barrel structure. The protein (nFGF-1) exists in a monomeric state upon binding to the ligand, sucrose octa sulfate (SOS), in a stoichiometric ratio of 1:1. The SOS binding site consists of a dense cluster of positively charged residues located at the C-terminal end of the molecule. The conformational stabilities of nFGF-1 and its structural and functional homologue from the human source (hFGF-1) are drastically different. The differential stabilities of nFGF-1 and hFGF-1 are attributed to the differences in the number of hydrogen bonds and the presence of solvent inaccessible cavities in the two proteins.