National Center for
1FG4: Structure Of Tryparedoxin Ii
Biol. Chem. (2001) 382 p.459-471» All references (2)
Tryparedoxins (TXNs) catalyse the reduction of peroxiredoxin-type peroxidases by the bis-glutathionyl derivative of spermidine, trypanothione, and are relevant to hydroperoxide detoxification and virulence of trypanosomes. The 3D-structures of the following tryparedoxins are presented: authentic tryparedoxin1 of Crithidia fasciculata, CfTXN1; the his-tagged recombinant protein, CfTXN1H6; reduced and oxidised CfTXN2, and an alternative substrate derivative of the mutein CfTXN2H6-Cys44Ser. Cys41 (Cys40 in TXN1) of the active site motif 40-WCPPCR-45 proved to be the only solvent-exposed redox active residue in CfTXN2. In reduced TXNs, its nucleophilicity is increased by a network of hydrogen bonds. In oxidised TXNs it can be attacked by the thiol of the 1N-glutathionyl residue of trypanothione, as evidenced by the structure of 1N-glutathionylspermidine-derivatised CfTXN2H6-Cys44Ser. Modelling suggests Arg45 (44), Glu73 (72), the Ile110 (109) cis-Pro111 (110)-bond and Arg129 (128) to be involved in the binding of trypanothione to CfTXN2 (CfTXN1). The model of TXN-substrate interaction is consistent with functional characteristics of known and newly designed muteins (CfTXN2H6-Arg129Asp and Glu73Arg) and the 1N-glutathionyl-spermidine binding in the CfTXN2H6-Cys44Ser structure.