National Center for
1EYB: Crystal Structure Of Apo Human Homogentisate Dioxygenase
Nat. Struct. Biol. (2000) 7 p.542-546
Homogentisate dioxygenase (HGO) cleaves the aromatic ring during the metabolic degradation of Phe and Tyr. HGO deficiency causes alkaptonuria (AKU), the first human disease shown to be inherited as a recessive Mendelian trait. Crystal structures of apo-HGO and HGO containing an iron ion have been determined at 1.9 and 2.3 A resolution, respectively. The HGO protomer, which contains a 280-residue N-terminal domain and a 140-residue C-terminal domain, associates as a hexamer arranged as a dimer of trimers. The active site iron ion is coordinated near the interface between subunits in the HGO trimer by a Glu and two His side chains. HGO represents a new structural class of dioxygenases. The largest group of AKU associated missense mutations affect residues located in regions of contact between subunits.