National Center for
1EXP: Beta-1,4-Glycanase Cex-Cd
Nat. Struct. Biol. (1996) 3 p.149-154» All references (3)
The three-dimensional structure of a catalytically competent glycosyl-enzyme intermediate of a retaining beta-1,4-glycanase has been determined at a resolution of 1.8 A by X-ray diffraction. A fluorinated slow substrate forms an alpha-D-glycopyranosyl linkage to one of the two invariant carboxylates, Glu 233, as supported in solution by 19F-NMR studies. The resulting ester linkage is coplanar with the cyclic oxygen of the proximal saccharide and is inferred to form a strong hydrogen bond with the 2-hydroxyl of that saccharide unit in natural substrates. The active-site architecture of this covalent intermediate gives insights into both the classical double-displacement catalytic mechanism and the basis for the enzyme's specificity.