1ENP: Brassica Napus Enoyl Acp ReductaseNADH BINARY COMPLEX AT PH 8.0 AND Room Temperature

BACKGROUND: Enoyl acyl carrier protein reductase (ENR) catalyzes the NAD(P)H-dependent reduction of trans-delta 2-enoyl acyl carrier protein, an essential step in de novo fatty acid biosynthesis. Plants contain both NADH-dependent and separate NADPH-dependent ENR enzymes which form part of the dissociable type II fatty acid synthetase. Highly elevated levels of the NADH-dependent enzyme are found during lipid deposition in maturing seeds of oilseed rape (Brassica napus). RESULTS: The crystal structure of an ENR-NAD binary complex has been determined at 1.9 A resolution and consists of a homotetramer in which each subunit forms a single domain comprising a seven-stranded parallel beta sheet flanked by seven alpha helices. The subunit has a topology highly reminiscent of a dinucleotide-binding fold. The active site has been located by difference Fourier analysis of data from crystals equilibrated in NADH. CONCLUSIONS: The structure of ENR shows a striking similarity with the epimerases and short-chain alcohol dehydrogenases, in particular, 3 alpha,20 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (HSD). The similarity with HSD extends to the conservation of a catalytically important lysine that stabilizes the transition state and to the use of a tyrosine as a base--with subtle modifications arising from differing requirements of the reduction chemistry.
PDB ID: 1ENPDownload
MMDB ID: 56051
PDB Deposition Date: 1995/10/18
Updated in MMDB: 2012/12
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 2.6  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 1ENP: tetrameric; determined by author and by software (PISA,PQS)
Molecular Components in 1ENP
Label Count Molecule
Proteins (4 molecules)
Enoyl Acyl Carrier Protein Reductase
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (4 molecules)
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

Citing MMDB