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1ENP: Brassica Napus Enoyl Acp ReductaseNADH BINARY COMPLEX AT PH 8.0 AND Room Temperature
Common themes in redox chemistry emerge from the X-ray structure of oilseed rape (Brassica napus) enoyl acyl carrier protein reductase
Structure (1995) 3 p.927-938» All references (2)
BACKGROUND: Enoyl acyl carrier protein reductase (ENR) catalyzes the NAD(P)H-dependent reduction of trans-delta 2-enoyl acyl carrier protein, an essential step in de novo fatty acid biosynthesis. Plants contain both NADH-dependent and separate NADPH-dependent ENR enzymes which form part of the dissociable type II fatty acid synthetase. Highly elevated levels of the NADH-dependent enzyme are found during lipid deposition in maturing seeds of oilseed rape (Brassica napus). RESULTS: The crystal structure of an ENR-NAD binary complex has been determined at 1.9 A resolution and consists of a homotetramer in which each subunit forms a single domain comprising a seven-stranded parallel beta sheet flanked by seven alpha helices. The subunit has a topology highly reminiscent of a dinucleotide-binding fold. The active site has been located by difference Fourier analysis of data from crystals equilibrated in NADH. CONCLUSIONS: The structure of ENR shows a striking similarity with the epimerases and short-chain alcohol dehydrogenases, in particular, 3 alpha,20 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (HSD). The similarity with HSD extends to the conservation of a catalytically important lysine that stabilizes the transition state and to the use of a tyrosine as a base--with subtle modifications arising from differing requirements of the reduction chemistry.