1DXL: Dihydrolipoamide Dehydrogenase Of Glycine Decarboxylase From Pisum Sativum

Citation:
Abstract
The glycine decarboxylase complex consists of four different component enzymes (P-, H-, T- and L-proteins). The 14-kDa lipoamide-containing H-protein plays a pivotal role in the complete sequence of reactions as its prosthetic group (lipoic acid) interacts successively with the three other components of the complex and undergoes a cycle of reductive methylamination, methylamine transfer and electron transfer. With the aim to understand the interaction between the H-protein and its different partners, we have previously determined the crystal structure of the oxidized and methylaminated forms of the H-protein. In the present study, we have crystallized the H-protein in its reduced state and the L-protein (lipoamide dehydrogenase or dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase). The L-protein has been overexpressed in Escherichia coli and refolded from inclusion bodies in an active form. Crystals were obtained from the refolded L-protein and the structure has been determined by X-ray crystallography. This first crystal structure of a plant dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase is similar to other known dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase structures. The crystal structure of the H-protein in its reduced form has been determined and compared to the structure of the other forms of the protein. It is isomorphous to the structure of the oxidized form. In contrast with methylaminated H-protein where the loaded lipoamide arm was locked into a cavity of the protein, the reduced lipoamide arm appeared freely exposed to the solvent. Such a freedom is required to allow its targeting inside the hollow active site of L-protein. Our results strongly suggest that a direct interaction between the H- and L-proteins is not necessary for the reoxidation of the reduced lipoamide arm bound to the H-protein. This hypothesis is supported by biochemical data [Neuburger, M., Polidori, A.M., Pietre, E., Faure, M., Jourdain, A., Bourguignon, J., Pucci, B. & Douce, R. (2000) Eur. J. Biochem. 267, 2882-2889] and by small angle X-ray scattering experiments reported herein.
PDB ID: 1DXLDownload
MMDB ID: 13942
PDB Deposition Date: 2000/1/10
Updated in MMDB: 2007/10
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 3.15  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 1DXL: dimeric; determined by software (PQS)
Molecular Components in 1DXL
Label Count Molecule
Proteins (2 molecules)
2
Dihydrolipoamide Dehydrogenase
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (2 molecules)
1
2
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

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