National Center for
1DHR: CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF RAT LIVER DIHYDROPTERIDINE REDUCTASE
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. (1992) 89 p.6080-6084
The structure of a binary complex of dihydropteridine reductase [DHPR; NAD(P)H:6,7-dihydropteridine oxidoreductase, EC 188.8.131.52] with its cofactor, NADH, has been solved and refined to a final R factor of 15.4% by using 2.3 A diffraction data. DHPR is an alpha/beta protein with a Rossmann-type dinucleotide fold for NADH binding. Insertion of an extra threonine residue in the human enzyme is associated with severe symptoms of a variant form of phenylketonuria and maps to a tightly linked sequence of secondary-structural elements near the dimer interface. Dimerization is mediated by a four-helix bundle motif (two helices from each protomer) having an unusual right-handed twist. DHPR is structurally and mechanistically distinct from dihydrofolate reductase, appearing to more closely resemble certain nicotinamide dinucleotide-requiring flavin-dependent enzymes, such as glutathione reductase.