National Center for
1DGU: HOMOLOGY-BASED MODEL OF CALCIUM-SATURATED CIB (CALCIUM-AND INTEGRIN-BINDING PROTEIN)
Structures of the platelet calcium- and integrin-binding protein and the alphaIIb-integrin cytoplasmic domain suggest a mechanism for calcium-regulated recognition; homology modelling and NMR studies
J. Mol. Recognit. (2000) 13 p.83-92
Calcium- and integrin-binding protein (CIB) binds to the 20-residue alphaIIb cytoplasmic domain of platelet alphaIIbbeta3 integrin. Amino acid sequence similarities with calmodulin (CaM) and calcineurin B (CnB) allowed the construction of homology-based models of calcium-saturated CIB as well as apo-CIB. In addition, the solution structure of the alphaIIb cytoplasmic domain in 45% aqueous trifluoroethanol was solved by conventional two-dimensional NMR methods. The models indicate that the N-terminal domain of CIB possesses a number of positively charged residues in its binding site that could interact with the acidic carboxy-terminal LEEDDEEGE sequence of alphaIIb. The C-terminal domain of CIB seems well-suited to bind the sequence WKVGFFKR, which forms a well-structured alpha helix; this is analogous to calmodulin and calcineurin B, which also bind alpha helices. Similarities between the C-terminal domains of CIB and calmodulin suggest that binding of CIB to the cytoplasmic domain of alphaIIb may be affected by fluctuations in the intracellular calcium concentration.