National Center for
1D4P: Crystal Structure Of Human Alpha Thrombin In Complex With 5- Amidinoindole-4-benzylpiperidine Inhibitor
The crystal structure of human alpha-thrombin complexed with LY178550, a nonpeptidyl, active site-directed inhibitor
Protein Sci. (1997) 6 p.1412-1417
The crystal structure of human alpha-thrombin in complex with LY178550, a nonpeptidyl, active site-directed inhibitor, has been solved to 2.07 A resolution by the method of X-ray crystallography. The final model of the complex has a crystallographic R-value of 21.5% (Rfree = 23.1%) with 0.014 A and 2.4 degrees standard deviation from ideal bond lengths and angles, respectively. Well-defined electron density was observed for the inhibitor in the active site. The inhibitor binds to the active site in an L-shaped manner, mimicking the bound conformation of the tripeptide arginal series of thrombin inhibitors (Chirgadze NY et al., 1992, American Crystallographic Association Meeting 20: 116 [Abstr. PB311]). The basic amidine of LY178550 forms a salt bridge with Asp 189 within the specificity pocket, while the 4-benzylpiperidine side chain engages in a number of hydrophobic interactions at the S2 and S3 binding sites. The inhibitor does not interact in any fashion with the active site sequence Ser 214-Gly 216, as occurs with many of the inhibitors studied previously. The indole N-H of the inhibitor forms a hydrogen bond to the gamma-oxygen of the catalytic serine (Ser 195).