National Center for
1D4D: CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF THE SUCCINATE COMPLEXED FORM OF THE FLAVOCYTOCHROME C FUMARATE REDUCTASE OF SHEWANELLA PUTREFACIENS STRAIN MR-1
Nat. Struct. Biol. (1999) 6 p.1113-1117
Fumarate respiration is one of the most widespread types of anaerobic respiration. The soluble fumarate reductase of Shewanella putrefaciens MR-1 is a periplasmic tetraheme flavocytochrome c. The crystal structures of the enzyme were solved to 2.9 A for the uncomplexed form and to 2.8 A and 2.5 A for the fumarate and the succinate-bound protein, respectively. The structures reveal a flexible capping domain linked to the FAD-binding domain. A catalytic mechanism for fumarate reduction based on the structure of the complexed protein is proposed. The mechanism for the reverse reaction is a model for the homologous succinate dehydrogenase (complex II) of the respiratory chain. In flavocytochrome c fumarate reductase, all redox centers are in van der Waals contact with one another, thus providing an efficient conduit of electrons from the hemes via the FAD to fumarate.