National Center for
1CYI: Cytochrome C6
The structure of chloroplast cytochrome c6 at 1.9 Å resolution: evidence for functional oligomerization
J. Mol. Biol. (1995) 250 p.627-647» All references (2)
The molecular structure of cytochrome c6 from the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii has been determined from two crystal forms and refined to 1.9 A resolution. The two crystal forms are likely the result of different levels of post-translational modification of the protein. This is the first report of a high-resolution structure of a chloroplast-derived class I c-type cytochrome. The overall fold is similar to that of other class I c-type cytochromes, consisting of a series of alpha-helices and turns that envelop the heme prosthetic group. There is also a short two-stranded anti-parallel beta-sheet in the vicinity of the methionine axial ligand to the heme; this region of the molecule is formed by the most highly conserved residues in c6-type cytochromes. Although class I c-type cytochromes are assumed to function as monomers, both crystal forms of cytochrome c6 exhibit oligomerization about the heme crevice that is, in part, mediated by the short anti-parallel beta-sheet. The functional significance of this oligomerization is supported by the appearance of similar interfaces in other electron transfer couples, HPLC and light-scattering data, and is furthermore consistent with kinetic data on electron transfer reactions of c6-type cytochromes.