1CEG: Cephalothin Complexed With Dd-Peptidase

Citation:
Abstract
Two clinically-important beta-lactam antibiotics, cephalothin and cefotaxime, have been observed by X-ray crystallography bound to the reactive Ser62 of the D-alanyl-D-alanine carboxypeptidase/transpeptidase of Streptomyces sp. R61. Refinement of the two crystal structures produced R factors for 3 sigma (F) data of 0.166 (to 1.8 A) and 0.170 (to 2.0 A) for the cephalothin and cefotaxime complexes, respectively. In each complex, a water molecule is within 3.1 and 3.6 A of the acylated beta-lactam carbonyl carbon atom, but is poorly activated by active site residues for nucleophilic attack and deacylation. This apparent lack of good stereochemistry for facile hydrolysis is in accord with the long half-lives of cephalosporin intermediates in solution (20-40 h) and the efficacy of these beta-lactams as inhibitors of bacterial cell wall synthesis. Different hydrogen binding patterns of the two cephalosporins to Thr301 are consistent with the low cefotaxime affinity of an altered penicillin-binding protein, PBP-2x, reported in cefotaxime-resistant strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae, and with the ability of mutant class A beta-lactamases to hydrolyze third-generation cephalosporins.
PDB ID: 1CEGDownload
MMDB ID: 48356
PDB Deposition Date: 1995/1/12
Updated in MMDB: 2012/12
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 1.8  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 1CEG: monomeric; determined by author
Molecular Components in 1CEG
Label Count Molecule
Protein (1 molecule)
1
D-alanyl-d-alanine Carboxypeptidase Transpeptidase
Molecule annotation
Chemical (1 molecule)
1
1
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

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