National Center for
1CD9: 2:2 Complex Of G-Csf With Its Receptor
Nature (1999) 401 p.713-717
Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (GCSF) is the principal growth factor regulating the maturation, proliferation and differentiation of the precursor cells of neutrophilic granulocytes and is used to treat neutropenia. GCSF is a member of the long-chain subtype of the class 1 cytokine superfamily, which includes growth hormone, erythropoietin, interleukin 6 and oncostatin M. Here we have determined the crystal structure of GCSF complexed to the BN-BC domains, the principal ligand-binding region of the GCSF receptor (GCSFR). The two receptor domains form a complex in a 2:2 ratio with the ligand, with a non-crystallographic pseudo-twofold axis through primarily the interdomain region and secondarily the BC domain. This structural view of a gp130-type receptor-ligand complex presents a new molecular basis for cytokine-receptor recognition.