1BRG: CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS OF PHE->LEU SUBSTITUTION IN THE HYDROPHOBIC CORE OF BARNASE

Citation:
Abstract
The crystal structure of a barnase mutant, Phe-->Leu7 has been determined to 2.2 A resolution. No structural rearrangement is observed near the mutated residue. The F7L mutation is highly destabilizing and this is caused by the loss of extensive van der Waals contacts that wild-type Phe7 made with its neighbouring residues, and the exposure of a large hydrophobic pocket on the surface of the protein. The side-chain conformations of the mutated Leu7 residue have torsion angles chi(1) ranging from -138 degrees to -168 degrees and chi(2) ranging from +16 degrees to +70 degrees, for the three molecules in the asymmetric unit. These angles do not agree with the most frequently observed conformations in the protein side-chain rotamer library [Ponder & Richards (1987). J. Mol. Biol. 193, 775-791]. However, when compared to a more recent 'backbone-dependent' rotamer library [Dunbrack & Karplus (1993). J. Mol. Biol. 230, 543-574], the side-chain conformation of Leu7 agrees well with that of the most frequently observed rotamers. The side-chain conformation of Leu7 was found to be dictated by two factors: it has the lowest conformational energy and it buries the most hydrophobic surface area.
PDB ID: 1BRGDownload
MMDB ID: 400
PDB Deposition Date: 1994/3/30
Updated in MMDB: 2017/12
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 2.2  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 1BRG: monomeric; determined by author
Molecular Components in 1BRG
Label Count Molecule
Protein (1 molecule)
1
Barnase
Molecule annotation
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

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