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1BM3: Immunoglobulin Opg2 Fab-peptide Complex
Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (1998) 251 p.61-66» All references (2)
Antibodies are important tools to explore receptor-ligand interactions. The anti-integrin antibody OPG2 binds in an RGD-related manner to the alphaIIb beta3 integrin as a molecular mimic of fibrinogen. The Fab fragment from OPG2 was cocrystallized with a peptide from the beta3 subunit of the integrin representing a site that binds RGD. The crystal structure of the complex was determined at 2.2-A resolution and compared with the unbound Fab. On binding the integrin peptide there were conformational changes in CDR3 of the heavy chain. Also, a significant shift across the intermolecular interface between the CH1-CL domains was observed so that the angle of rotation relating the two domains was reduced by 15 degrees. This unusual conformational adjustment represents the first example of ligand-induced conformational changes in the carboxyl domains of a Fab fragment.