Atrophin-1 family; Atrophin-1 is the protein product of the dentatorubral-pallidoluysian ...
Atrophin-1 family; Atrophin-1 is the protein product of the dentatorubral-pallidoluysian atrophy (DRPLA) gene. DRPLA OMIM:125370 is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder. It is caused by the expansion of a CAG repeat in the DRPLA gene on chromosome 12p. This results in an extended polyglutamine region in atrophin-1, that is thought to confer toxicity to the protein, possibly through altering its interactions with other proteins. The expansion of a CAG repeat is also the underlying defect in six other neurodegenerative disorders, including Huntington's disease. One interaction of expanded polyglutamine repeats that is thought to be pathogenic is that with the short glutamine repeat in the transcriptional coactivator CREB binding protein, CBP. This interaction draws CBP away from its usual nuclear location to the expanded polyglutamine repeat protein aggregates that are characteristic of the polyglutamine neurodegenerative disorders. This interferes with CBP-mediated transcription and causes cytotoxicity.
The actual alignment was detected with superfamily member PHA03247:
Pssm-ID: 331285 Cd Length: 3151 Bit Score: 45.31 E-value: 3.03e-04
of the residues that compose this conserved feature have been mapped to the query sequence.
Click on the triangle to view details about the feature, including a multiple sequence alignment
of your query sequence and the protein sequences used to curate the domain model,
where hash marks (#) above the aligned sequences show the location of the conserved feature residues.
The thumbnail image, if present, provides an approximate view of the feature's location in 3 dimensions.
Click on the triangle for interactive 3D structure viewing options.
Functional characterization of the conserved domain architecture found on the query.
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This image shows a graphical summary of conserved domains identified on the query sequence.
The Show Concise/Full Display button at the top of the page can be used to select the desired level of detail: only top scoring hits
(labeled illustration) or all hits
Domains are color coded according to superfamilies
to which they have been assigned. Hits with scores that pass a domain-specific threshold
(specific hits) are drawn in bright colors.
Others (non-specific hits) and
superfamily placeholders are drawn in pastel colors.
if a domain or superfamily has been annotated with functional sites (conserved features),
they are mapped to the query sequence and indicated through sets of triangles
with the same color and shade of the domain or superfamily that provides the annotation. Mouse over the colored bars or triangles to see descriptions of the domains and features.
click on the bars or triangles to view your query sequence embedded in a multiple sequence alignment of the proteins used to develop the corresponding domain model.
The table lists conserved domains identified on the query sequence. Click on the plus sign (+) on the left to display full descriptions, alignments, and scores.
Click on the domain model's accession number to view the multiple sequence alignment of the proteins used to develop the corresponding domain model.
To view your query sequence embedded in that multiple sequence alignment, click on the colored bars in the Graphical Summary portion of the search results page,
or click on the triangles, if present, that represent functional sites (conserved features)
mapped to the query sequence.
Concise Display shows only the best scoring domain model, in each hit category listed below except non-specific hits, for each region on the query sequence.
(labeled illustration) Standard Display shows only the best scoring domain model from each source, in each hit category listed below for each region on the query sequence.
(labeled illustration) Full Display shows all domain models, in each hit category below, that meet or exceed the RPS-BLAST threshold for statistical significance.
(labeled illustration) Four types of hits can be shown, as available,
for each region on the query sequence:
specific hits meet or exceed a domain-specific e-value threshold
and represent a very high confidence that the query sequence belongs to the same protein family as the sequences use to create the domain model