Conserved Protein Domain Family

cl02915: Voltage_gated_ClC Superfamily 
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CLC voltage-gated chloride channel. The ClC chloride channels catalyse the selective flow of Cl- ions across cell membranes, thereby regulating electrical excitation in skeletal muscle and the flow of salt and water across epithelial barriers. This domain is found in the halogen ions (Cl-, Br- and I-) transport proteins of the ClC family. The ClC channels are found in all three kingdoms of life and perform a variety of functions including cellular excitability regulation, cell volume regulation, membrane potential stabilization, acidification of intracellular organelles, signal transduction, transepithelial transport in animals, and the extreme acid resistance response in eubacteria. They lack any structural or sequence similarity to other known ion channels and exhibit unique properties of ion permeation and gating. Unlike cation-selective ion channels, which form oligomers containing a single pore along the axis of symmetry, the ClC channels form two-pore homodimers with one pore per subunit without axial symmetry. Although lacking the typical voltage-sensor found in cation channels, all studied ClC channels are gated (opened and closed) by transmembrane voltage. The gating is conferred by the permeating ion itself, acting as the gating charge. In addition, eukaryotic and some prokaryotic ClC channels have two additional C-terminal CBS (cystathionine beta synthase) domains of putative regulatory function.
Accession: cl02915
PSSM Id: 295552
Name: Voltage_gated_ClC
Created: 8-Feb-2008
Updated: 2-Feb-2016
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