cd01671: CARD (this model, PSSM-Id:176719 is obsolete and has been replaced by 260018)
Caspase activation and recruitment domain: a protein-protein interaction domain
Caspase activation and recruitment domains (CARDs) are death domains (DDs) found associated with caspases. Caspases are aspartate-specific cysteine proteases with functions in apoptosis, immune signaling, inflammation, and host-defense mechanisms. In addition to caspases, proteins containing CARDs include adaptor proteins such as RAIDD, CARD9, and RIG-I-like helicases, which can form mutliprotein complexes and play important roles in mediating the signals to induce immune and inflammatory responses. In general, DDs are protein-protein interaction domains found in a variety of domain architectures. Their common feature is that they form homodimers by self-association or heterodimers by associating with other members of the DD superfamily including PYRIN and DED (Death Effector Domain). They serve as adaptors in signaling pathways and can recruit other proteins into signaling complexes.