cd05594: STKc_PKB_alpha (this model, PSSM-Id:173685 is obsolete and has been replaced by 270746)
Catalytic domain of the Protein Serine/Threonine Kinase, Protein Kinase B alpha
Serine/Threonine Kinases (STKs), Protein Kinase B (PKB) or Akt subfamily, alpha (or Akt1) isoform, catalytic (c) domain. STKs catalyze the transfer of the gamma-phosphoryl group from ATP to serine/threonine residues on protein substrates. The PKB subfamily is part of a larger superfamily that includes the catalytic domains of other protein STKs, protein tyrosine kinases, RIO kinases, aminoglycoside phosphotransferase, choline kinase, and phosphoinositide 3-kinase. There are three PKB isoforms from different genes, PKB-alpha (or Akt1), PKB-beta (or Akt2), and PKB-gamma (or Akt3). PKB contains an N-terminal pleckstrin homology (PH) domain and a C-terminal catalytic domain. PKB-alpha is predominantly expressed in endothelial cells. It is critical for the regulation of angiogenesis and the maintenance of vascular integrity. It also plays a role in adipocyte differentiation. Mice deficient in PKB-alpha exhibit perinatal morbidity, growth retardation, reduction in body weight accompanied by reduced sizes of multiple organs, and enhanced apoptosis in some cell types. PKB-alpha activity has been reported to be frequently elevated in breast and prostate cancers. In some cancer cells, PKB-alpha may act as a suppressor of metastasis.