cd05584: STKc_p70S6K (this model, PSSM-Id:173675 is obsolete and has been replaced by 270736)
Catalytic domain of the Protein Serine/Threonine Kinase, 70 kDa ribosomal protein S6 kinase
Serine/Threonine Kinases (STKs), 70 kDa ribosomal protein S6 kinase (p70S6K) subfamily, catalytic (c) domain. STKs catalyze the transfer of the gamma-phosphoryl group from ATP to serine/threonine residues on protein substrates. The p70S6K subfamily is part of a larger superfamily that includes the catalytic domains of other protein STKs, protein tyrosine kinases, RIO kinases, aminoglycoside phosphotransferase, choline kinase, and phosphoinositide 3-kinase. p70S6K (or S6K) contains only one catalytic kinase domain, unlike p90 ribosomal S6 kinases (RSKs). It acts as a downstream effector of the STK mTOR (mammalian Target of Rapamycin) and plays a role in the regulation of the translation machinery during protein synthesis. p70S6K also plays a pivotal role in regulating cell size and glucose homeostasis. Its targets include S6, the translation initiation factor eIF3, and the insulin receptor substrate IRS-1, among others. Mammals contain two isoforms of p70S6K, named S6K1 and S6K2 (or S6K-beta).