cd05095: PTKc_DDR2 (this model, PSSM-Id:173651 is obsolete and has been replaced by 270677)
Catalytic domain of the Protein Tyrosine Kinase, Discoidin Domain Receptor 2
Protein Tyrosine Kinase (PTK) family; mammalian Discoidin Domain Receptor 2 (DDR2) and homologs; catalytic (c) domain. The PTKc family is part of a larger superfamily that includes the catalytic domains of other kinases such as protein serine/threonine kinases, RIO kinases, and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K). PTKs catalyze the transfer of the gamma-phosphoryl group from ATP to tyrosine (tyr) residues in protein substrates. DDR2 is a member of the DDR subfamily, which are receptor tyr kinases (RTKs) containing an extracellular discoidin homology domain, a transmembrane segment, an extended juxtamembrane region, and an intracellular catalytic domain. The binding of the ligand, collagen, to DDRs results in a slow but sustained receptor activation. DDR2 binds mostly to fibrillar collagens. More recently, it has been reported to also bind collagen X. DDR2 is widely expressed in many tissues with the highest levels found in skeletal muscle, skin, kidney and lung. It is important in cell proliferation and development. Mice, with a deletion of DDR2, suffer from dwarfism and delayed healing of epidermal wounds. DDR2 also contributes to collagen (type I) regulation by inhibiting fibrillogenesis and altering the morphology of collagen fibers. It is also expressed in immature dendritic cells (DCs), where it plays a role in DC activation and function.