C-type lectin-like domain (CTLD) of the type found in human collectins including lung surfactant proteins A and D, mannose- or mannan binding lectin (MBL), and CL-L1 (collectin liver 1)
CLECT_collectin_like: C-type lectin-like domain (CTLD) of the type found in human collectins including lung surfactant proteins A and D, mannose- or mannan binding lectin (MBL), and CL-L1 (collectin liver 1). CTLD refers to a domain homologous to the carbohydrate-recognition domains (CRDs) of the C-type lectins. The CTLDs of these collectins bind carbohydrates on surfaces (e.g. pathogens, allergens, necrotic, or apoptotic cells) and mediate functions associated with killing and phagocytosis. MBPs recognize high mannose oligosaccharides in a calcium dependent manner, bind to a broad range of pathogens, and trigger cell killing by activating the complement pathway. MBP also acts directly as an opsonin. SP-A and SP-D in addition to functioning as host defense components, are components of pulmonary surfactant which play a role in surfactant homeostasis. Pulmonary surfactant is a phospholipid-protein complex which reduces the surface tension within the lungs. SP-A binds the major surfactant lipid: dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC). SP-D binds two minor components of surfactant that contain sugar moieties: glucosylceramide and phosphatidylinositol (PI). MBP and SP-A, -D monomers are homotrimers with an N-terminal collagen region and three CTLDs. Multiple homotrimeric units associate to form supramolecular complexes. MBL deficiency results in an increased susceptibility to a large number of different infections and to inflammatory disease, such as rheumatoid arthritis.
Structure:1R13_A, rat surfactant protein A (Sp-A) bound with calcium at the primary calcium site, contacts at 3.5 A. - View structure with Cn3D
Comment:The primary calcium site of rat surfactant protein A (Sp-A) primary is similar to the one found in MBP and SP-D in which two coordination positions are occupied by carbohydrate oxygens. Mannose does not bind here presumably due to competition with the cryoprotectant glycerol.