cd05104: PTKc_Kit (this model, PSSM-Id:133235 is obsolete and has been replaced by 270682)
Catalytic domain of the Protein Tyrosine Kinase, Kit
Protein Tyrosine Kinase (PTK) family; Kit (or c-Kit); catalytic (c) domain. The PTKc family is part of a larger superfamily that includes the catalytic domains of other kinases such as protein serine/threonine kinases, RIO kinases, and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K). PTKs catalyze the transfer of the gamma-phosphoryl group from ATP to tyrosine (tyr) residues in protein substrates. Kit is a member of the Platelet Derived Growth Factor Receptor (PDGFR) subfamily of proteins, which are receptor tyr kinases (RTKs) containing an extracellular ligand-binding region with five immunoglobulin-like domains, a transmembrane segment, and an intracellular catalytic domain. The binding of Kit to its ligand, the stem-cell factor (SCF), leads to receptor dimerization, trans phosphorylation and activation, and intracellular signaling. Kit is important in the development of melanocytes, germ cells, mast cells, hematopoietic stem cells, the interstitial cells of Cajal, and the pacemaker cells of the GI tract. Kit signaling is involved in major cellular functions including cell survival, proliferation, differentiation, adhesion, and chemotaxis. Mutations in Kit, which result in constitutive ligand-independent activation, are found in human cancers such as gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) and testicular germ cell tumor (TGCT). The aberrant expression of Kit and/or SCF is associated with other tumor types such as systemic mastocytosis and cancers of the breast, neurons, lung, prostate, colon, and rectum. Although the structure of the human Kit catalytic domain is known, it is excluded from this specific alignment model because it contains a deletion in its sequence.