cd05068: PTKc_Frk_like (this model, PSSM-Id:133199 is obsolete and has been replaced by 270653)
Catalytic domain of Fyn-related kinase-like Protein Tyrosine Kinases
Protein Tyrosine Kinase (PTK) family; Human Fyn-related kinase (Frk) and similar proteins; catalytic (c) domain. The PTKc family is part of a larger superfamily that includes the catalytic domains of other kinases such as protein serine/threonine kinases, RIO kinases, and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K). PTKs catalyze the transfer of the gamma-phosphoryl group from ATP to tyrosine (tyr) residues in protein substrates. Frk and Srk are members of the Src subfamily of proteins, which are cytoplasmic (or non-receptor) tyr kinases. Src kinases contain an N-terminal SH4 domain with a myristoylation site, followed by SH3 and SH2 domains, a tyr kinase domain, and a regulatory C-terminal region containing a conserved tyr. They are activated by autophosphorylation at the tyr kinase domain, but are negatively regulated by phosphorylation at the C-terminal tyr by Csk (C-terminal Src Kinase). Src proteins are involved in signaling pathways that regulate cytokine and growth factor responses, cytoskeleton dynamics, cell proliferation, survival, and differentiation. Frk, also known as Rak, is specifically expressed in liver, lung, kidney, intestine, mammary glands, and the islets of Langerhans. Rodent homologs were previously referred to as GTK (gastrointestinal tyr kinase), BSK (beta-cell Src-like kinase), or IYK (intestinal tyr kinase). Studies in mice reveal that Frk is not essential for viability. It plays a role in the signaling that leads to cytokine-induced beta-cell death in Type I diabetes. It also regulates beta-cell number during embryogenesis and early in life.
Comment:Based on the structures of other PTK family members bound to substrate peptides and ATP analogs including, structures of human human Hck , Fyn and c-Src tyr kinases bound with inhibitors and ATP analogs.