C-terminal domain found in lysine-specific demethylase KDM2A, KDM2B, and similar proteins
This family includes lysine-specific demethylases KDM2A and KDM2B, as well as Drosophila melanogaster JmjC domain-containing histone demethylation protein 1 (Jhd1). KDM2A is a ubiquitously expressed histone H3 lysine 36 (H3K36) demethylase that has been implicated in gene silencing, cell cycle, cell growth, and cancer development. KDM2B is a ubiquitously expressed histone H3 lysine 4 (H3K4me2) or histone H3 lysine 36 (H3K36me2) demethylase that functions as a regulator of chemokine expression, cellular morphology, and the metabolome of fibroblasts. Jhd1, also called lysine (K)-specific demethylase 2 (KDM2), or [Histone-H3]-lysine-36 demethylase 1, is a histone demethylase (EC 188.8.131.52) that specifically demethylates 'Lys-36' of histone H3, thereby playing a central role in the histone code. Members in this family belong to the JmjC domain-containing histone demethylase family. They consist of two Jumonji domains (JmjN and JmjC), a CXXC zinc-finger domain, a plant homeodomain (PHD) finger, an F-box domain, followed by an antagonist of mitotic exit network protein 1 (AMN1) domain. This model corresponds to a small conserved region between the JmjC domain and the CXXC zinc-finger domain, which has been called the C-terminal domain by literature.