Class Ib major histocompatibility complex (MHC) immunoglobulin domain of HLA-Cw3 and HLA-Cw4; member of the C1-set of Ig superfamily (IgSF) domains
The members here are composed of the Class Ib major histocompatibility complex (MHC) immunoglobulin domain of HLA-Cw3 and HLA-Cw4. HLA-C belongs to the MHC class I heavy chain receptors. The C receptor is a heterodimer consisting of a HLA-C mature gene product and beta-2-microglobulin. The mature C chain is anchored in the membrane. MHC Class I molecules, like HLA-C, are expressed in nearly all cells, and present small peptides to the immune system which surveys for non-self peptides. HLA-C is a locus on chromosome 6, which encodes for a large number of HLA-C alleles that are Class-I MHC receptors. Class Ib histocompatibility leukocyte antigens (HLA)-Cw3 and (HLA)-Cw4 are ligands for the natural killer (NK) cell inhibitory receptors KIR2DL2 and KIR2DL1, respectively. HLA-Cw3 and related alleles (HLA-Cw1, -Cw7, and -Cw8) contain Ser77 and Asn80 and interact with KIR that are reactive with the GL183 antibody Class I MHC proteins bind antigenic peptide fragments and present them to CD8+ T lymphocytes. HLA-Cw4 and related alleles (HLA-Cw2, -Cw5, and -Cw6) have Asn77 and Lys80 and are recognized by KIR reactive with the EB6 15 or HP-3E4 16 antibody. Members of the IgC family are components of immunoglobulin, T-cell receptors, CD1 cell surface glycoproteins, secretory glycoproteins A/C, and major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I/II molecules. In immunoglobulins, each chain is composed of one variable domain (IgV) and one or more IgC domains. These names reflect the fact that the variability in sequences is higher in the variable domain than in the constant domain. The IgV domain is responsible for antigen binding, and the IgC domain is involved in oligomerization and molecular interactions.