protein kinase C conserved region 1 (C1 domain) found in VAV3 protein
VAV3 is ubiquitously expressed and functions as a phosphorylation-dependent guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) for RhoA, RhoG, and Rac1. Its function has been implicated in the hematopoietic, bone, cerebellar, and cardiovascular systems. VAV3 is essential in axon guidance in neurons that control blood pressure and respiration. It is overexpressed in prostate cancer cells and plays a role in regulating androgen receptor transcriptional activity. VAV proteins contain several domains that enable their function: N-terminal calponin homology (CH), acidic, RhoGEF (also called Dbl-homologous or DH), Pleckstrin Homology (PH), C1 (zinc finger), SH2, and two SH3 domains. This model corresponds to the C1 domain. The C1 domain is a cysteine-rich zinc binding domain that does not bind DNA nor possess structural similarity to conventional zinc finger domains; it contains two separate Zn(2+)-binding sites.