second protein kinase C conserved region 1 (C1 domain) found in the diacylglycerol kinase family
The diacylglycerol kinase (DGK, EC 188.8.131.52) family of enzymes plays critical roles in lipid signaling pathways by converting diacylglycerol to phosphatidic acid, thereby downregulating signaling by the former and upregulating signaling by the latter second messenger. Ten DGK family isozymes have been identified to date, which possess different interaction motifs imparting distinct temporal and spatial control of DGK activity to each isozyme. They have been classified into five types (I-V), according to domain architecture and some common features. All DGK isozymes, except for DGKtheta, contain two copies of the C1 domain. This model corresponds to the second one. DGKtheta harbors three C1 domains. Its third C1 domain is included here. The C1 domain is a cysteine-rich zinc binding domain that does not bind DNA nor possess structural similarity to conventional zinc finger domains; it contains two separate Zn(2+)-binding sites.