second Tudor domain found in Jumonji domain-containing protein 2A (JMJD2A) and similar proteins
JMJD2A, also called lysine-specific demethylase 4A (KDM4A), or JmjC domain-containing histone demethylation protein 3A (JHDM3A), catalyzes the demethylation of di- and trimethylated H3K9 and H3K36. It is involved in carcinogenesis and functions as a transcription regulator that may either stimulate or repress gene transcription. It associates with nuclear receptor corepressor complex or histone deacetylases. Moreover, JMJD2A forms complexes with both the androgen and estrogen receptor (ER), and plays an essential role in growth of both ER-positive and -negative breast tumors. It is also involved in prostate, colon, and lung cancer progression. JMJD2A contains jmjN and jmjC domains in the N-terminal region, followed by a canonical plant homeodomain (PHD) domain, a noncanonical extended PHD domain, and tandem Tudor domains. The model corresponds to the second Tudor domain. The Tudor domain binds to proteins with dimethylated arginine or lysine residues, and may also bind methylated histone tails to facilitate protein-protein interactions.