RNA recognition motif 1 (RRM1) found in yeast nuclear and cytoplasmic polyadenylated RNA-binding protein PUB1 and similar proteins
This subgroup corresponds to the RRM1 of yeast protein PUB1, also termed ARS consensus-binding protein ACBP-60, or poly uridylate-binding protein, or poly(U)-binding protein. PUB1 has been identified as both, a heterogeneous nuclear RNA-binding protein (hnRNP) and a cytoplasmic mRNA-binding protein (mRNP), which may be stably bound to a translationally inactive subpopulation of mRNAs within the cytoplasm. It is distributed in both, the nucleus and the cytoplasm, and binds to poly(A)+ RNA (mRNA or pre-mRNA). Although it is one of the major cellular proteins cross-linked by UV light to polyadenylated RNAs in vivo, PUB1 is nonessential for cell growth in yeast. PUB1 also binds to T-rich single stranded DNA (ssDNA); however, there is no strong evidence implicating PUB1 in the mechanism of DNA replication. PUB1 contains three RNA recognition motifs (RRMs), also termed RBDs (RNA binding domains) or RNPs (ribonucleoprotein domains), and a GAR motif (glycine and arginine rich stretch) that is located between RRM2 and RRM3.