RNA recognition motif (RRM) found in serine/arginine-rich splicing factor 10 (SRSF10) and similar proteins
This subgroup corresponds to the RRM of SRSF10, also termed 40 kDa SR-repressor protein (SRrp40), or FUS-interacting serine-arginine-rich protein 1 (FUSIP1), or splicing factor SRp38, or splicing factor, arginine/serine-rich 13A (SFRS13A), or TLS-associated protein with Ser-Arg repeats (TASR). SRSF10 is a serine-arginine (SR) protein that acts as a potent and general splicing repressor when dephosphorylated. It mediates global inhibition of splicing both in M phase of the cell cycle and in response to heat shock. SRSF10 emerges as a modulator of cholesterol homeostasis through the regulation of low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) splicing efficiency. It also regulates cardiac-specific alternative splicing of triadin pre-mRNA and is required for proper Ca2+ handling during embryonic heart development. In contrast, the phosphorylated SRSF10 functions as a sequence-specific splicing activator in the presence of a nuclear cofactor. It activates distal alternative 5' splice site of adenovirus E1A pre-mRNA in vivo. Moreover, SRSF10 strengthens pre-mRNA recognition by U1 and U2 snRNPs. SRSF10 localizes to the nuclear speckles and can shuttle between nucleus and cytoplasm. It contains a single N-terminal RNA recognition motif (RRM), also termed RBD (RNA binding domain) or RNP (ribonucleoprotein domain), followed by a C-terminal RS domain rich in serine-arginine dipeptides.