RNA recognition motif 1 (RRM1) found in SMART/HDAC1-associated repressor protein (SHARP) and similar proteins
This subfamily corresponds to the RRM1 of SHARP, also termed Msx2-interacting protein (MINT), or SPEN homolog, an estrogen-inducible transcriptional repressor that interacts directly with the nuclear receptor corepressor SMRT, histone deacetylases (HDACs) and components of the NuRD complex. SHARP recruits HDAC activity and binds to the steroid receptor RNA coactivator SRA through four conserved N-terminal RNA recognition motifs (RRMs), also termed RBDs (RNA binding domains) or RNPs (ribonucleoprotein domains), further suppressing SRA-potentiated steroid receptor transcription activity. Thus, SHARP has the capacity to modulate both liganded and nonliganded nuclear receptors. SHARP also has been identified as a component of transcriptional repression complexes in Notch/RBP-Jkappa signaling pathways. In addition to the N-terminal RRMs, SHARP possesses a C-terminal SPOC domain (Spen paralog and ortholog C-terminal domain), which is highly conserved among Spen proteins.