RNA recognition motif (RRM) found in RNA-binding protein 7 (RBM7) and similar proteins
This subfamily corresponds to the RRM of RBM7, RBM11 and their eukaryotic homologous. RBM7 is an ubiquitously expressed pre-mRNA splicing factor that enhances messenger RNA (mRNA) splicing in a cell-specific manner or in a certain developmental process, such as spermatogenesis. It interacts with splicing factors SAP145 (the spliceosomal splicing factor 3b subunit 2) and SRp20, and may play a more specific role in meiosis entry and progression. Together with additional testis-specific RNA-binding proteins, RBM7 may regulate the splicing of specific pre-mRNA species that are important in the meiotic cell cycle. RBM11 is a novel tissue-specific splicing regulator that is selectively expressed in brain, cerebellum and testis, and to a lower extent in kidney. It is localized in the nucleoplasm and enriched in SRSF2-containing splicing speckles. It may play a role in the modulation of alternative splicing during neuron and germ cell differentiation. Both, RBM7 and RBM11, contain an N-terminal RNA recognition motif (RRM), also termed RBD (RNA binding domain) or RNP (ribonucleoprotein domain), and a region lacking known homology at the C-terminus. The RRM is responsible for RNA binding, whereas the C-terminal region permits nuclear localization and homodimerization.