RNA recognition motif 3 (RRM3) found in heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein R (hnRNP R) and similar proteins
This subfamily corresponds to the RRM3 in hnRNP R, hnRNP Q, and APOBEC-1 complementation factor (ACF). hnRNP R is a ubiquitously expressed nuclear RNA-binding protein that specifically bind mRNAs with a preference for poly(U) stretches and has been implicated in mRNA processing and mRNA transport, and also acts as a regulator to modify binding to ribosomes and RNA translation. hnRNP Q is also a ubiquitously expressed nuclear RNA-binding protein. It has been identified as a component of the spliceosome complex, as well as a component of the apobec-1 editosome, and has been implicated in the regulation of specific mRNA transport. ACF is an RNA-binding subunit of a core complex that interacts with apoB mRNA to facilitate C to U RNA editing. It may also act as an apoB mRNA recognition factor and chaperone and play a key role in cell growth and differentiation. This family also includes two functionally unknown RNA-binding proteins, RBM46 and RBM47. All members contain three conserved RNA recognition motifs (RRMs), also termed RBDs (RNA binding domains) or RNPs (ribonucleoprotein domains).