cytochrome P450 family 58-like fungal cytochrome P450s
This group includes Fusarium sporotrichioides cytochrome P450 58 (CYP58, also known as Tri4 and trichodiene oxygenase), and similar fungal proteins. CYP58 catalyzes the oxygenation of trichodiene during the biosynthesis of trichothecenes, which are sesquiterpenoid toxins that act by inhibiting protein biosynthesis. The CYP58-like subfamily belongs to the large cytochrome P450 (P450, CYP) superfamily of heme-containing proteins that catalyze a variety of oxidative reactions of a large number of structurally different endogenous and exogenous compounds in organisms from all major domains of life. CYPs bind their diverse ligands in a buried, hydrophobic active site, which is accessed through a substrate access channel formed by two flexible helices and their connecting loop.