cytochrome P450 family 313 and similar cytochrome P450s
This subfamily is composed of insect cytochrome P450s from families 313 (CYP313) and 318 (CYP318), and similar proteins. These proteins may be involved in the metabolism of insect hormones and in the breakdown of synthetic insecticides. Their specific function is yet unknown. They belong to the large cytochrome P450 (P450, CYP) superfamily of heme-containing proteins that catalyze a variety of oxidative reactions of a large number of structurally different endogenous and exogenous compounds in organisms from all major domains of life. CYPs bind their diverse ligands in a buried, hydrophobic active site, which is accessed through a substrate access channel formed by two flexible helices and their connecting loop.