The C-terminal substrate binding domain of an uncharacterized LysR-type transcriptional regulator CrgA-like, contains the type 2 periplasmic binding fold.
This CD represents the substrate binding domain of an uncharacterized LysR-type transcriptional regulator (LTTR) CrgA-like 9. The LTTRs are acting as both auto-repressors and activators of target promoters, controlling operons involved in a wide variety of cellular processes such as amino acid biosynthesis, CO2 fixation, antibiotic resistance, degradation of aromatic compounds, nodule formation of nitrogen-fixing bacteria, and synthesis of virulence factors, to name a few. In contrast to the tetrameric form of other LTTRs, CrgA from Neisseria meningitides assembles into an octameric ring, which can bind up to four 63-bp DNA oligonucleotides. Phylogenetic cluster analysis showed that the CrgA-like regulators form a subclass of the LTTRs that function as octamers. The CrgA is an auto-repressor of its own gene and activates the expression of the mdaB gene which coding for an NADPH-quinone reductase and that its action is increased by MBL (alpha-methylene-gamma-butyrolactone), an inducer of NADPH-quinone oxidoreductase. The structural topology of this substrate-binding domain is most similar to that of the type 2 periplasmic binding proteins (PBP2), which are responsible for the uptake of a variety of substrates such as phosphate, sulfate, polysaccharides, lysine/arginine/ornithine, and histidine. The PBP2 bind their ligand in the cleft between these domains in a manner resembling a Venus flytrap. After binding their specific ligand with high affinity, they can interact with a cognate membrane transport complex comprised of two integral membrane domains and two cytoplasmically located ATPase domains. This interaction triggers the ligand translocation across the cytoplasmic membrane energized by ATP hydrolysis.