The Oligonucleotide/oligosaccharide binding (OB)-fold domain of ATP-dependent DNA ligase IV is a DNA-binding module that is part of the catalytic core unit.
ATP-dependent polynucleotide ligases catalyze phosphodiester bond formation using nicked nucleic acid substrates with the high energy nucleotide of ATP as a cofactor in a three step reaction mechanism. DNA ligases play a vital role in the diverse processes of DNA replication, recombination and repair. ATP-dependent ligases are present in many organisms such as viruses, bacteriohages, eukarya, archaea and bacteria. There are three classes of ATP-dependent DNA ligases in eukaryotic cells (I, III and IV). DNA ligase IV is required for DNA non-homologous end joining pathways, including recombination of the V(D)J immunoglobulin gene segments in cells of the mammalian immune system. DNA ligase IV is stabilized by forming a complex with XRCC4, a nuclear phosphoprotein, which is phosphorylated by DNA-dependent protein kinase. DNA ligases have a highly modular architecture consisting of a unique arrangement of two or more discrete domains. The adenylation and C-terminal oligouncleotide/oligosaccharide binding (OB)-fold domains comprise a catalytic core unit that is common to most members of the ATP-dependent DNA ligase family. The catalytic core unit contains six conserved sequence motifs (I, III, IIIa, IV, V and VI) that define this family of related nucleotidyltransferases. The OB-fold domain contacts the nicked DNA substrate and is required for the ATP-dependent DNA ligase nucleotidylation step. The RxDK motif (motif VI), which is essential for ATP hydrolysis, is located in the OB-fold domain.