N-terminal sub-domain of the Rel homology domain (RHD) of tonicity-responsive enhancer binding protein (TonEBP)
Proteins containing the Rel homology domain (RHD) are metazoan transcription factors. The RHD is composed of two structural sub-domains; this model characterizes the N-terminal RHD sub-domain of the tonicity-responsive enhancer binding protein (TonEBP), also called NFAT5. Mammalian TonEBP regulates the expression of genes in response to tonicity. It plays a pivotal role in urinary concentrating mechanisms in kidney medulla, by triggering the accumulation of osmolytes that enable renal medullary cells to tolerate high levels of urea and salt.