Immunoglobulin (Ig)-like domain of vascular endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and similar proteins; member of the C2-set of IgSF domains
The members here are composed of the immunoglobulin (Ig)-like domain of vascular endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1; also known as Cluster of Differentiation (CD) 106) and similar proteins. During the inflammation process, these molecules recruit leukocytes onto the vascular endothelium before extravasation to the injured tissues. The interaction of VCAM-1 binding to the beta1 integrin very late antigen 4 (VLA-4) expressed by lymphocytes and monocytes mediates the adhesion of leucocytes to blood vessel walls, and regulates migration across the endothelium. During metastasis, some circulating cancer cells extravasate to a secondary site by a similar process. VCAM-1 may be involved in organ targeted tumor metastasis and may also act as host receptors for viruses and parasites. VCAM-1 contains seven Ig domains.