The F-BAR (FES-CIP4 Homology and Bin/Amphiphysin/Rvs) domain of Formin Binding Protein 1-Like
F-BAR domains are dimerization modules that bind and bend membranes and are found in proteins involved in membrane dynamics and actin reorganization. FormiN Binding Protein 1-Like (FNBP1L), also known as Toca-1 (Transducer of Cdc42-dependent actin assembly), forms a complex with neural Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (N-WASP). The FNBP1L/N-WASP complex induces the formation of filopodia and endocytic vesicles. FNBP1L is required for Cdc42-induced actin assembly and is essential for autophagy of intracellular pathogens. It contains an N-terminal F-BAR domain, a central Cdc42-binding HR1 domain, and a C-terminal SH3 domain. F-BAR domains form banana-shaped dimers with a positively-charged concave surface that binds to negatively-charged lipid membranes. They can induce membrane deformation in the form of long tubules.