The F-BAR (FES-CIP4 Homology and Bin/Amphiphysin/Rvs) domain of Proline-Serine-Threonine Phosphatase-Interacting Protein 2
F-BAR domains are dimerization modules that bind and bend membranes and are found in proteins involved in membrane dynamics and actin reorganization. Proline-Serine-Threonine Phosphatase-Interacting Protein 2 (PSTPIP2), also known as Macrophage Actin-associated tYrosine Phosphorylated protein (MAYP), is mostly expressed in hematopoietic cells but is also expressed in the brain. It is involved in regulating cell adhesion and motility. Mutations in the gene encoding murine PSTPIP2 can cause autoinflammatory disorders such as chronic multifocal osteomyelitis and macrophage autoinflammatory disease. PSTPIP2 contains an N-terminal F-BAR domain and lacks the PEST motifs and SH3 domain that are found in PSTPIP1. F-BAR domains form banana-shaped dimers with a positively-charged concave surface that binds to negatively-charged lipid membranes. They can induce membrane deformation in the form of long tubules.