The F-BAR (FES-CIP4 Homology and Bin/Amphiphysin/Rvs) domain of Protein kinase C and Casein kinase Substrate in Neurons (PACSIN) proteins
F-BAR domains are dimerization modules that bind and bend membranes and are found in proteins involved in membrane dynamics and actin reorganization. Protein kinase C and Casein kinase Substrate in Neurons (PACSIN) proteins, also called Synaptic dynamin-associated proteins (Syndapins), act as regulators of cytoskeletal and membrane dynamics. They bind both dynamin and Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASP), and may provide direct links between the actin cytoskeletal machinery through WASP and dynamin-dependent endocytosis. Vetebrates harbor three isoforms with distinct expression patterns and specific functions. PACSINs contain an N-terminal F-BAR domain and a C-terminal SH3 domain. F-BAR domains form banana-shaped dimers with a positively-charged concave surface that binds to negatively-charged lipid membranes. They can induce membrane deformation in the form of long tubules.