The F-BAR (FES-CIP4 Homology and Bin/Amphiphysin/Rvs) domain of Schizosaccharomyces pombe Cdc15, and similar proteins.
F-BAR domains are dimerization modules that bind and bend membranes and are found in proteins involved in membrane dynamics and actin reorganization. This subfamily is composed of Schizosaccharomyces pombe Cdc15 and Imp2, and similar proteins. These proteins contain an N-terminal F-BAR domain and a C-terminal SH3 domain. S. pombe Cdc15 and Imp2 play both distinct and overlapping roles in the maintenance and strengthening of the contractile ring at the division site, which is required in cell division. Cdc15 is a component of the actomyosin ring and is required in normal cytokinesis. Imp2 colocalizes with the medial ring during septation and is required for normal septation. F-BAR domains form banana-shaped dimers with a positively-charged concave surface that binds to negatively-charged lipid membranes. They can induce membrane deformation in the form of long tubules.